The urology is a specialty that deals with disorders and diseases of the urinary tract in men and women. Organs that fall under urology include the kidneys, ureters, the bladder, urethra and male genital organs; penis, scrotum, testicles and prostate.
The urology treats a variety of completely different diseases and problems such as kidney stones, prostate hypertrophy, prostate cancer, impotence and sexually transmitted diseases; vasectomy is also mainly performed by urologists.
With aging in men, the chances of prostate cancer are increasing. Besides non-melanoma cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. It is the second leading cause of cancer death in men. However, with advances in screening and cancer treatment, the mortality rate for prostate cancer is decreasing. The PSA test helped doctors find and treat prostate cancer, which otherwise might not have been detected.
Regular exercise and a healthy diet are just as important for prostate health as for cardiovascular health. Exercise can minimize the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and cancer. Healthy eating, especially foods containing lycopene (as in cooked tomatoes), soy, vitamin D and E can reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer.